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Course Descriptions (E-G)

Economics – ECO

ECO 110: Consumer Economics (3 cr.) Fosters understanding of American economic system and the individual’s role as a consumer. Emphasizes application of economic principles to practical problems encountered. Alerts students to opportunities, dangers, and alternatives of consumers. Lecture 3 hours per week.
ECO 115: Understanding Our Environment: An Economic Introduction (3 cr.) Explores basic economic theory as it relates to the issues of environmental problems and natural resource use. Examines the approaches to local, state, and national environmental policy. Investigates issues of sustainability with a global perspective. Lecture 3 hours per week.
ECO 120: Survey of Economics (2-3 cr.) Presents a broad overview of economic theory, history, development, and application. Introduces terms, definitions, policies, and philosophies of market economies. Provides some comparison with other economic systems. Includes some degree of exposure to microeconomic and macroeconomic concepts. Lecture 3 hours per week.
ECO 201: Principles of Macroeconomics (3 cr.) Introduces macroeconomics including the study of Keynesian, classical, monetarist principles and theories, the study of national economic growth, inflation, recession, unemployment, financial markets, money and banking, the role of government spending and taxation, along with international trade and investments. Lecture 3 hours per week.
ECO 202: Principles of Microeconomics (3 cr.) Introduces the basic concepts of microeconomics. Explores the free market concepts with coverage of economic models and graphs, scarcity and choices, supply and demand, elasticities, marginal benefits and costs, profits, and production and distribution. Lecture 3 hours per week.
ECO 231: Principles of Money and Banking(3 cr.) Discuss the functions of money in modern economy. Analyzes the evolution and operation of the commercial and central banking systems. Presents developments in monetary theory. Relates theory to policy considerations including government finance and debt management. Lecture 3 hours per week.

Education – EDU

EDU 200: Introduction to Teaching as a Profession (3 cr.) Provides an orientation to the teaching profession in Virginia, including historical perspectives, current issues, and future trends in education on the national and state levels. Emphasizes information about teacher licensure examinations, steps to certification, teacher preparation and induction programs, and attention to critical shortage areas in Virginia. Includes supervised field placement (recommended: 40 clock hours) in a K-12 school. Prerequisite: Successful completion of 24 credits of transfer courses. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.

 

Electrical Technology – ELE

ELE 17: Problems in Electricity (3 cr.) Develops student skills in solving problems in electrical circuits. Lecture 3 hours per week.
ELE 115: Basic Electricity (2-3 cr.) Covers basic circuits and theory of fundamental concepts of electricity Presents a practical approach to discussion of components and devices. Prerequisite MTH 02 or equivalent. Lecture 2-3 hours per week.
ELE 116: Electrical Construction Estimating (2 cr.) Studies methods and techniques used to develop an estimate for electrical construction wiring and equipment installation. Pre or Corequisite ELE 127 or equivalent. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
ELE 127: Residential Wiring Methods (2-3 cr.) Studies wiring methods and standards used for residential dwellings. Provides practical experience in design, layout, construction, and testing of residential wiring systems by use of scaled mock-ups. Lecture 1-2 hours. Laboratory 2-3 hours. Total 4-5 hours per week.
ELE 131-132: National Electrical Code I-II (3-4 cr. ea) Provides comprehensive study of the purpose and interpretations of the National Electric Code as well as familiarization and implementation of various charts, code rulings and wiring methods including state and local regulations. Lecture 3-4 hours.
ELE 135: National Electrical Code: Residential (3-4 cr.) Studies purposes and interpretations of the national electrical code that deals with single and multi-family dwellings, including state and local regulations. Lecture 2-3 hours. Laboratory 2-4 hours. Total 4-5 hours per week.
ELE 136: National Electrical Code: Commercial (3 cr.) Provides comprehensive study of the purposes and interpretations of national electrical wiring methods, including state and local regulations. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
ELE 137: National Electrical Code: Industrial (3 cr.) Provides comprehensive study of the purposes and interpretations of the National Electric Code that deals primarily with industrial wiring methods, including state and local regulations. May include preparation of a report as an out-of-class activity. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
ELE 138: National Electrical Code Review (2-3 cr.) Covers purpose and interpretation of the National Electrical Code as well as various charts, code rulings and wiring methods. Prepares the student to take the journeyman-level exam. Lecture 2-3 hours per week. Total 2-3 hours per week.
ELE 140: Basic Electricity and Machinery (4 cr.) Studies direct and alternating current principles, resistors, magnetism, capacitors, protection systems, switches, controls and power distribution for industrial machine shops. Emphasizes test procedures and safety. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
ELE 145: Transformer Connections and Circuits (2 cr.) Studies transformer theory, symbols, diagrams, connections, terminology and troubleshooting techniques. Prerequisite ELE 150 or equivalent. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
ELE 148: Conduit and Pipe Fitting (2-3 cr.) Studies raceway design, conductor fill, layout, cutting, reaming, bending, mounting, and fitting for various conduits, fluid, and air systems. Lecture 1-2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 4-5 hours per week.
ELE 149: Wiring Methods in Industry (3-4 cr.) Studies the fundamentals of industrial power distribution, circuits, switches, enclosures, panels, fuses, circuit breakers, transformers, and wiring methods, using various charts and tables of the National Electrical Code. Lecture 2-3 hours. Laboratory 2-3 hours. Total 4-6 hours per week.
ELE 156: Electrical Control Systems (3 cr.) Includes troubleshooting and servicing electrical controls, electric motors, motor controls, motor starters, relays, overloads, instruments and control circuits. May include preparation of a report as an out-of-class activity. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
ELE 177: Photovoltaic Energy Systems (4 cr.) Teaches techniques for conduct site surveys, installing system components, installing inverters and performing system sizing and system maintenance. Introduces different battery configurations, and charge controllers. Introduces safety, system design and layout, National Electric Code, Component Selection, wiring and installation techniques. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
ELE 211-212: Electrical Machines I-II (4-5 cr. ea) Studies the construction, theory of operations and applications of DC and AC machines. Prerequisite ETR 114 or equivalent. Lecture 3-4 hours per week. Laboratory 3 hours per week. Total 6-7 hours per week.
ELE 225: Electrical Control Systems (4 cr.) Studies components, equipment and circuits that are used to control the operation of electric machines. Explains the physical and operating characteristics of various electromagnetic, static, and programmable control devices. Investigates control schemes used to accomplish specific control objectives. Prerequisite ELE 217 or equivalent. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
ELE 233-234: Programmable Logic Controller Systems I-II (3-4 cr. ea) Teaches operating and programming of programmable logic controllers. Covers analog and digital interfacing and communication schemes as they apply to system. Prerequisite ETR 156 or equivalent. Lecture 2-3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5-6 hours per week.
ELE 238: Control Circuits (3 cr.) Deals with the principles and applications of electrical controllers which serve as an introduction to automation, devices for differentiation, integration and proportioning. Includes hardware and circuitry for AC and DC control devices as well as contactors, starters, speed controllers, time delays, limit switches, and pilot devices. Demonstrates applications in the control of industrial equipment motors, servo units, and motor-driven actuators. Prerequisite ELE 211 or equivalent. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
ELE 239: Programmable Controllers (2-3 cr.) Deals with installation, programming, interfacing, and concepts of troubleshooting programmable controllers. Co/Prerequisite ETR 156 and ELE 211 or equivalent, or permission of instructor. Lecture 1-2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 3-4 hours per week.
ELE 245: Industrial Wiring (3 cr.) Teaches the practical applications of industrial and commercial wiring. Includes the principles essential to the understanding of conduit applications and other raceway installations. Includes conduit sizing, cutting, bending, and threading. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.

 

Electronics Servicing – ESR

ESR 150: Software Configuration and Diagnostics (3-4 cr.) Teaches use and configuration of personal computer operating systems and applications programs, with emphasis on solving software-induced problems. Includes use of system utilities and selected diagnostic software. Includes use of a programming language. Lecture 2-3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5-6 hours per week.
ESR 236: Certification/License Preparation (2-3 cr.) Provides a broad review of the materials relating to consumer electronics that may be encountered on certification exams. Lecture 1-2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 4-5 hours per week.

 

Electronics Technology – ETR

ETR 113-114: D.C. and A.C. Fundamentals I-II (3-4 cr. ea) Studies D.C. and A. C. circuits, basic electrical components, instruments, network theorems, and techniques used to predict, analyze and measure electrical quantities. Corequisite MTH 115 or equivalent. Lecture 2-3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5-6 hours per week.
ETR 115: D.C. and A.C. Circuits (3-4 cr.) Studies current flow in direct and alternating current circuits with emphasis upon practical problems. Reviews mathematics used in circuit calculations. Introduces concepts of resistance, capacitance, inductance and magnetism. Focuses on electronics/circuits application. Lecture 3-4 hours. Total 3-4 hours per week.
ETR 143-144: Devices and Applications I-II (3-4 cr. ea) Teaches theory of active devices and circuits such as diodes, power supplies, transistors (BJT’S), amplifiers and their parameters, FETs, and operational amplifiers. May include UJT’S, oscillators, RF amplifiers, thermionic devices, and others. Prerequisites: ETR 158, knowledge of D. C./A. C. theory. Lecture 2-3 hours. Laboratory 3-6 hours. Total 5-8 hours per week.
ETR 149: PC Repair (2 cr.) Teaches the maintenance, troubleshooting and repair of personal computer systems. Uses IBM or compatible computer systems to provide fault isolation drill and practice. Lecture 1 hour per week. Laboratory 2-6 hours per week. Total 3-7 hours per week.
ETR 156: Digital Circuits and Microprocessor Fundamentals (4 cr.) Introduces characteristics and applications of digital logic elements including gates, counters, registers, indicators, and pulse generators. Applies microprocessor theory and applications, including internal architecture interfacing, input/output, memory. Prerequisites: ETR 158 and MTH 115. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
ETR 158: Electronic Circuits for Computers (4 cr.) Studies the basic electrical and electronic principles used in repair and troubleshooting of computer systems. Includes Ohm's and Kirchoff's laws, capacitor and diode circuit analysis, power supply circuits, and transistor fundamentals. Use of laboratory equipment (oscilloscope and DMM) is stressed. Co-requisite: MTH 115 or equivalent. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
ETR 159: Microcomputer Peripherals (4 cr.) Covers basic knowledge of typical peripheral devices found in a microcomputer system. Includes devices such as printer, disk drive, CRT monitor, and keyboard. Emphasizes troubleshooting techniques. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
ETR 166: Fundamentals of Computer Technology (3-4 cr.) Introduces computer use and literacy. Includes operating systems, high level language programming, word processors, spreadsheets and other generic software. Uses engineering terms, standards and methods. Lecture 2-3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5-6 hours per week.
ETR 193: Special Studies in Fiber Optic Installation (1-5 cr.) Covers new content not covered in existing courses in the discipline. Allows instructor to explore content and instructional methods to assess the course’s viability as a permanent offering. Variable hours per week.
ETR 231-232: Principles of Lasers and Fiber Optics I-II (3-4 cr. ea) Teaches the theory and application of lasers and fiber optics. Includes optics, fiber optic cables and connectors, photodetectors, optical pulse generation, sensors, multiplexers, lasers, gas lasers, semiconductor lasers, laser safety and laser test instruments. May include preparation of a report as an out-of-class activity. Lecture 2-3 hours. Laboratory 2-4 hours. Total 4-6 hour per week.
ETR 235: Optical Electronics (2-3 cr.) Teaches basic optical theory for use with optical fibers. Includes discussion of LEDs, Photodetectors, and other devices for interfacing optical fibers to electronic circuits. Lecture 1-2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 3-4 hours per week.
ETR 237-238: Industrial Electronics I-II (3-4 cr. ea) Studies linear integrated circuits for industrial applications, motors, industrial control devices, power control circuits, transducers, industrial process control, and sequential process control. Lecture 2-3 hours. Laboratory 2-4 hours. Total 4-5 hours per week.
ETR 240: Principles of Communication (3-4 cr.) Introduces the concepts of electronic communications and includes noise, modulation, de-modulation and signal propagation. Includes circuits and equipment to implement the above communication concepts. Prerequisites: ETR 114 and MTH 116. Lecture 2-3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5-6 hours per week.

 

Emergency Medical Services – EMS

EMS 100: CPR for Healthcare Providers (1 cr.) Provides instruction in Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation that meets current Emergency Cardiac Care (ECC) guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation education for Healthcare Providers. Lecture: 1 hour per week. Total 1 hour per week.
EMS 101: EMS First Responder (3 cr.) Provides education in the provision of emergency medical care for persons such as Police, non-EMS Fire personnel, industrial personnel and the general public who are likely to be the first medically trained personnel on the scene of an injury or illness. Meets current Virginia Office of Emergency Medical Services curriculum for First Responder. Equivalent to HLT 119. Lecture 3 hours. Total 3 hours per week.
EMS 102: EMS First Responder Refresher (1 cr.) Provides 18 clock hours of instruction to meet Virginia Office of EMS requirements for recertification at the First Responder Level. Lecture 1 hour. Total 1 hour per week.
EMS 111: Emergency Medical Technician: Basic (7 cr.) Prepares student for certification as a Virginia and National Registry EMT-Basic. Includes all aspects of pre-hospital basic life support as defined by the Virginia Office of Emergency Medical Services curriculum for Emergency Medicine Technician Basic. Co-requisite: EMS 120. Prerequisite: CPR certification at the Health Care Provider level. Lecture 5 hours. Lab 4 hours. Total 9 hours per week.
EMS 112-113: Emergency Medical Technician: Basic I-II (4 cr. ea) Prepares student for certification as a Virginia and/or National Registry EMT-Basic. Includes all aspects of pre-hospital basic life support as defined by the Virginia office of Emergency Medical Services curriculum for Emergency Medicine Technician Basic. Co-requisite to EMS 120. Prerequisite: CPR certification at the Health Care Provider level. Lecture 3 hours. Lab 2 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
EMS 115: Emergency Medical Technician: Basic Refresher (2 cr.) Provides 36 clock hours of instruction to meet Virginia Office of EMS requirements for recertification at the EMT-Basic level. Lecture 2 hours per week.
EMS 120: Emergency Medical Technician: Basic Clinical (1 cr.) Observes in a program approved clinical/field setting. Includes topics for both EMS 111 and EMS 113, dependant upon the program in which the student is participating and is a corequisite to both EMS 111 and EMS 113. Lecture 2 hour per week.
EMS 151: Introduction to Advanced Life Support (4 cr.) Prepares the student for Virginia Enhanced certification eligibility and begins the sequence for National Registry Intermediate and/or Paramedic certification. Includes the theory and application of the following: foundations, human systems, pharmacology, overview of shock, venous access, airway management, patient assessment, respiratory emergencies, allergic reaction, and assessment based management. Conforms at a minimum to the Virginia Office of Emergency Medical Services curriculum. Co-requisite: EMS 170. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
EMS 153: Basic ECG Recognition (2 cr.) Focuses on the interpretation of basic electrocardiograms (ECG) and their significance. Includes an overview of anatomy and physiology of the cardiovascular system including structure, function and electrical conduction in the heart. Covers advanced concepts that build on the knowledge and skills of basic dysrhythmia determination and introduction to 12 lead ECG. Lecture 2 Hours Per Week. Total 2 hours per week.
EMS 154: ALS Cardiac Care (2 cr.) Continues the Virginia Office of Emergency Medical Services Intermediate and /or Paramedic curricula. Includes ALS airway management, electrical therapy, pharmacology, drug and fluid administration with emphasis on patient assessment, differential diagnosis and management of cardiovascular emergencies. It will incorporate the current American Heart Association (AHA) - ACLS guidelines and curriculum including stroke management. Lecture 1 hours. Lab 2 hours. Total 3 hours per week.
EMS 155: ALS Medical Care (4 cr.) Continues the Virginia Office of Emergency Medical Services Intermediate and /or Paramedic curricula. Includes ALS pharmacology, drug and fluid administration with emphasis on patient assessment, differential diagnosis and management of multiple medical complaints. These include, but are not limited to conditions relating to cardiac, diabetic, neurological, non-traumatic abdominal pain, environmental, behavioral, gynecology, and toxicological disease conditions. Prerequisites include current EMT-B certification, EMS 151 and EMS 153. Lecture 3 hours per week. Lab 2 hours per week. Total 5 hours per week.
EMS 157: ALS Trauma Care (3 cr.) Continues the Virginia Office of Emergency Medical Services Intermediate and/or Paramedic curricula. Utilizes techniques which will allow the student to utilize the assessment findings to formulate a field impression and implement the treatment plan for the trauma patient. Prerequisites: Current EMT-B certification and EMS 151. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
EMS 159: ALS Special Populations (3 cr.) Continues the Virginia Office of Emergency Medical Services Intermediate and/or Paramedic curricula. Focuses on the assessment and management of specialty patients including obstetrical, neonatal, pediatric, and geriatrics. Prerequisites include EMS 151 and EMS 153. Pre or corequisites include EMS 155. Lecture 2 hour per week. Lab 2 hours per week. Total 4 hours per week.
EMS 161: Basic Trauma Life Support (BTLS) (1 cr.) Offers instruction for students in current topics of care for trauma patients and offers certification as a Basic Trauma Life Support Provider (BTLS) as defined by the American College of Emergency Physicians. Prerequisites: Current certification/ licensure as an EMS provider or other allied healthcare provider. Lecture 1 hour per week.
EMS 162: Pediatric Basic Trauma Life Support (PBTLS) (1 cr.) Offers instruction for students in current topics of care for trauma patients and offers certification as a Pediatric Basic Trauma Life Support Provider (PBTLS) as defined by the American College of Emergency Physicians. Prerequisites: Current certification/ licensure as an EMS provider or other allied healthcare provider. Lecture 1 hour per week.
EMS 163: Prehospital Trauma Life Support (PHTLS) (1 cr.) Prepares for certification as an Prehospital Trauma Life Support provider as defined by the American College of Surgeons. Prerequisites: Current certification/licensure as an EMS provider or other allied healthcare provider. Lecture 1 hour. Total 1 hour.
EMS 165: Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS) (1 cr.) Prepares for certification as an Advanced Cardiac Life Support Provider. Follows course as defined by the American Heart Association. Prerequisites: EMS 100, 153 or equivalent. Lecture: 1 hour. Total 1 hour.
EMS 167: Neonatal Resuscitation Program (NRP) (1 cr.) Provides the student information in current topics in the care of newborn patients to current AAP/American Heart Association- Neonatal Resuscitation Program guidelines. Prerequisite-Current certification/ licensure as an advanced EMS provider or other allied healthcare provider. Lecture 1 hour. Total 1 hour.
EMS 168: Emergency Pediatric Care (PEPP) (1 cr.) Prepares the student for certification as a prehospital pediatric care provider as defined by the American Academy of Pediatrics. Covers primary assessment and emergency care of infants and children. Lecture 1 hour per week. Total 1 hour per week.
EMS 169: Pediatric Advanced Life Support (PALS) (1 cr.) Prepares the student for certification as a pediatric advanced life support provider as defined by the American Heart Association. Covers primary assessment and emergency care of infants and children. Lecture 1 hour per week. Total 1 hour per week.
EMS 170: ALS Internship I (1 cr.) Begins the first in a series of clinical experiences providing supervised direct patient contact in appropriate patient care facilities in and out of hospitals. Includes but not limited to patient care units such as the Emergency Department, Critical Care units, Pediatric, Labor and Delivery, Operating Room, Trauma centers and various advanced life support units. Laboratory 3-6 hours per week.
EMS 172: ALS Clinical Internship II (1-2 cr.) Continues with the second in a series of clinical experiences providing supervised direct patient contact in appropriate patient care facilities in and out of hospitals. Includes but not limited to patient care units such as the Emergency Department, Critical Care units, Pediatric, Labor and Delivery, Operating Room and Trauma Centers. Co-requisite: EMS 151. Laboratory 3-6 hours per week
EMS 173: ALS Field Internship I (1 cr.) Continues with the second in a series of field experiences providing supervised direct patient care in out-of-hospital advanced life support units. Laboratory 3 hours per week.
EMS 193: Studies In (1-5 cr.) Covers new content not covered in existing courses in the discipline. Allows instructor to explore content and instructional methods to assess the course's viability as a permanent offering. Variable hours per week.
EMS 201: EMS Professional Development (2 cr.) Prepares students for Paramedic certification at the National Registry Level by fulfilling community activism, personal wellness, resource management, ethical considerations in leadership and research objectives in the Virginia Office of Emergency Medical Services Paramedic curriculum. Lecture 3 hours per week. Total 3 hours per week.
EMS 205: Advanced Pathophysiology (4 cr.) Focuses on the pathological processes of disease with emphasis on the anatomical and physiological alterations of the human body by systems. Includes diagnosis and management appropriate to the advanced health care provider in and out of the hospital environment. Lecture 4 hours per week. Total 4 hours per week.
EMS 207: Advanced Patient Assessment (3 cr.) Focuses on the principles of normal and abnormal physical exam. Emphasizes the analysis and interpretation of physiological data to assist in patient assessment and management. Applies principles during the assessment and management of trauma, medical, and specialty patients in laboratory environment. Lecture 2 hours per week. Lab 2 hours per week. Total 4 hours per week.
EMS 209: Advanced Pharmacology (4 cr.) Focuses on the principles of pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics and drug administration. Includes drug legislation, techniques of medication administration, and principles of math calculations. Emphasizes drugs used to manage respiratory, cardiac, neurological, gastrointestinal, fluid and electrolyte and endocrine disorders and includes classification, mechanism of action, indications, contraindications, precautions, and patient education. Incorporates principles related to substance abuse and hazardous materials. Applies principles during the assessment and management of trauma, medical, and specialty patients in laboratory environment. Lecture 3 hours per week. Lab 2 hours per week. Total 5 hours per week.
EMS 211: Operations (2 cr.) Prepares the student in the theory and application of the following: medical incident command, rescue awareness and operations, hazardous materials incidents, and crime scene awareness. (Conforms to the current Virginia Office of Emergency Medical Services curriculum for EMT-Paramedics.) Lecture 1 hour per week. Lab 2 hours per week. Total 3 hours per week.
EMS 213: ALS Skills Development (1-2 cr.) Utilizes reinforcement and remediation of additional advanced life support skills, as needed. Laboratory 2-4 hours per week.
EMS 215: Paramedic Review (1-2 cr.) Reviews material covered in the intermediate/paramedic program. Prepares the student for National Registry testing. Lecture 1 hour per week.
EMS 240: ALS Internship II (1 cr.) Continues clinical and/or field experiences providing supervised direct patient contact in appropriate patient care facilities in and out of hospitals. Includes, but not limited to patient care units such as the Emergency Department, Critical Care units, Pediatric, Labor and Delivery, Operating Room, Trauma Centers and various advanced life support units. Laboratory 3 hours per week.
EMS 242: ALS Clinical Internship III (1 cr.) Continues with the third in a series of clinical experiences providing supervised direct patient contact in appropriate patient care facilities in-and-out of hospitals. Includes, but not limited to patient care units such as the Emergency Department, Critical Care units, Pediatric, Labor and Delivery, Operating Room, Trauma Centers and various advanced life support units. Laboratory 3-6 hours per week.
EMS 243: ALS Field Internship II (1 cr.) Continues with the third in a series of field experiences providing supervised direct patient care in out-of-hospital advanced life support units. Laboratory 3-6 hours per week.
EMS 244: ALS Clinical Internship IV (1 cr.) The fourth in a series of clinical experiences providing direct patient contact in appropriate patient care facilities in-and-out of hospitals. Includes, but not limited to patient care units such as the Emergency Department, Critical Care units, Pediatric, Labor and Delivery, Operating Room and Trauma Centers. May be repeated as necessary. Laboratory 3-6 hours per week.
EMS 245: ALS Field Internship III (1 cr.) Continues with the fourth in a series of field experiences providing supervised direct patient care in out-of-hospital advanced life support units. May be repeated as necessary. Laboratory 3-6 hours per week.
EMS 251: ALS Required Topics (3 cr.) Reviews material covered in the ALS programs. Covers all category 1 content required for Advanced Life Support recertification. Lab 3 hours per week. Total 3 hours per week.
EMS 253: ALS Refresher: 72 hours (4 cr.) Reviews material covered in the ALS programs. Meets all required criteria for recertification eligibility. Lecture 3 hours per week. Lab 2 hours per week. Total 5 hours per week.
EMS 255: Concepts in Critical Care (5 cr.) Prepares the paramedic or RN to become a critical care specialist, capable of managing the care of a critical care patient both in a hospital setting or during a high risk inter-facility transfer. Includes advanced concepts that build on the knowledge and skills of the paramedic and/or nursing curricula, as well as topics needed to trouble shoot complex monitoring devices and equipment. Topics include anatomy and physiology based clinical assessment, advanced airway management to include mechanical ventilators, diagnostics data interpretation, bedside hemodynamic monitoring, 12 lead EKG interpretation and hemodialysis care. Lecture 4 hours. Lab 2 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
EMS 261: EMS Leadership and Supervision I (3 cr.) Discusses EMS system design, components, and funding sources. Presents leadership and supervision topics for first level EMS managers including planning, decision making, interpersonal communications, time and stress management, critical incident debriefing. Prerequisites: Placement into ENG 111 or with permission of the instructor. Lecture 3 hours per week.
EMS 262: EMS Leadership and Supervision II (3 cr.) Explores EMS leadership and supervision topics including performance evaluation, health and safety regulations, current legal-medical issues, concepts of public education, recruiting and attrition procedures. Also introduces multiple casualty incident management. Prerequisites: Placement into ENG 111 or with permission of the instructor. Lecture 3 hours per week.
EMS 263: EMS Instructor Training (3 cr.) Develops skills in instructional design, delivery and evaluation. Includes: principles of adult learning and student learning styles; development of instructional objectives; preparation of lesson plans, preparation and use of instructional aids, class participation techniques, practical skill instruction, providing student feedback and evaluating performance. Lecture 3 hours per week.
EMS 290: Coordinated Internship (2 cr.) Provides supervised direct patient contact in appropriate hospital care facilities and EMS agencies. Includes patient care units such as the Emergency Department, Critical Care units, Pediatric, Labor and Delivery, Operating Room, Trauma Centers and advanced life support units. Prerequisite: EMT-Basic Certification.
EMS 293: Studies In (3 cr.) Continues student preparation for Virginia and National Registry Paramedic certification for registered nurses. Includes the theory and application of the National Paramedic Curriculum. Prerequisite: RN Licensure, EMT-Basic Certification, EMS 193.

 

Engineering – EGR

EGR 115: Engineering Graphics (2-3 cr.) Applies principles of orthographic projection and multi-view drawings. Teaches descriptive geometry including relationships of points, lines, planes and solids. Introduces sectioning, dimensioning and computer graphic techniques. Includes instruction in Computer Aided Drafting. Lecture 1-2 hour. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 4-5 hours per week.
EGR 120: Introduction to Engineering (1-2 cr.) Introduces the engineering profession, professional concepts, ethics, and responsibility. Reviews hand calculators, number systems, and unit conversions. Introduces the personal computer and operating systems. Includes engineering problem solving techniques using computer software. Lecture 0-2 hours per week. Laboratory 0-3. Total 1-4 hours per week.
EGR 125: Introduction to Engineering Methods (3-4 cr.) Applies problem-solving techniques to engineering problems utilizing computer programming and algorithms in a higher level computer language such as FORTRAN, PASCAL, or C++. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 0-2 hours. Total 3-5 hours per week.
EGR 140: Engineering Mechanics: Statics (3 cr.) Introduces mechanics of vector forces and space, scalar mass and time, including S.l. and U.S. customary units. Teaches equilibrium, free-body diagrams, moments, couples, distributed forces, centroids, moments of inertia analysis of two-force and multi-force members. Lecture 3 hours per week.
EGR 206: Engineering Economy (2-3 cr.) Presents economic analysis of engineering alternatives. Studies economic and cost concepts, calculation of economic equivalence, comparison of alternatives, replacement economy, economic optimization in design and operation, depreciation, and after tax analysis. Lecture 2-3 hours per week.
EGR 245: Engineering Mechanics: Dynamics (3 cr.) Presents approach to kinematics of particles in linear and curvilinear motion. Includes kinematics of rigid bodies in plane motion. Teaches Newton’s second law, work-energy and power, impulse and momentum, and problem solving using computers. Lecture 3 hours per week.
EGR 246: Mechanics of Materials (3 cr.) Teaches concepts of stress, strain, deformation, internal equilibrium, and basic properties of engineering materials. Analyses axial loads, torsion, bending, shear and combined loading. Studies stress transformation and principal stresses, column analysis and energy principles. Lecture 3 hours per week.
EGR 260: Circuit Analysis (3 cr.) Covers topics in linear circuit analysis, including basic electrical properties, resistive circuits, network equations, operational amplifiers, network reduction techniques, network theorems, two-port parameters and networks, inductors, capacitors, first-order circuits, second-order circuits and phasor analysis. Prerequisites may be applied locally. Lecture 3 hours per week.
EGR 261: Signals and Systems (3 cr.) Covers topics including Laplace transforms and Laplace transform analysis of circuits, time and frequency domain representation of linear systems, methods of linear systems analysis including convolution and Laplace transforms, frequency domain representation of signals including frequency response, filters, Fourier series, and Fourier transforms. Prerequisites may be applied locally. Lecture 3 hours per week.
EGR 265: Digital Electronics and Logic Design (4 cr.) Teaches number representation in digital systems; Boolean algebra; design of digital circuits, including gates, flip- flops, counters, registers, architecture, microprocessors, input-output devices. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 5 hours per week.

 

Energy Technology – ENE

ENE 100: Conventional and Alternate Energy Application (4 cr.) Provides an overview of hydroelectric, coal, and nuclear energy production methods and renewable solar, geothermal, wind, and fuel cell technology. A complete system breakdown of conventional power production methods, efficiency, and sustainability when compared with solar, geothermal, wind, and fuel cell applications. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
ENE 105: Solar Thermal Active and Passive Technology (4 cr.) Provides a comprehensive study of thermal technology as it applies to collector types and ratings, open-loop versus closed-loop and system sizing. Introduces hydronics, hot water, and pool heating applications. Provides an introduction to fluid dynamics and chemistry as it applies to system installation and maintenance. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
ENE 220: Wind Power Generation (4 cr.) Studies wind turbines, their location, efficiency, and cost. Covers power generation with wind turbines, storage, conversion to established values, use of batteries, inverters, grid tie systems, and all necessary wiring installations. Prerequisite: ELE 157. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
ENE 230: Geothermal Applications (4 cr.) Studies the use of geothermal energy for large and small scale production. Covers the feasibility of heat pump applications for local use on an individual basis. Prerequisite: ELE 157. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.

 

English – ENG

ENG 01-03: Preparing for College Writing I-II (1-6 cr. ea) Helps students discover and develop writing processes needed to bring their proficiency to the level necessary for entrance into their respective curricula. Guides students through the process of starting, composing, revising, and editing. Variable hours per week.
ENG 04-05: Reading Improvement I-II (1-6 cr. ea) Helps students improve their reading processes to increase their understanding of reading materials. Includes word forms and meanings, comprehension techniques, and ways to control reading pace. Variable hours per week.
ENG 100: Basic Occupational Communication (3 cr.) Develops ability to communicate in occupational situations. Involves writing, reading, speaking, and listening. Builds practical skills such as handling customer complaints, writing various types of letters, and preparing for a job interview. (Intended for certificate and diploma students). Lecture 3 hours per week.
ENG 101-102: Practical Writing I-II (3 cr. ea) Develops writing ability for study, work, and other areas of life with emphasis on occupational correspondence and reports. Guides students in learning writing as a process: understanding audience and purpose, exploring ideas and information, composing, revising, and editing. Supports writing by integrating experiences in thinking, reading, listening, and speaking. Prerequisite ENG 101 prior to ENG 102. Lecture 3 hours per week.
ENG 111-112: College Composition I-II (3 cr. ea) Introduces students to critical thinking and the fundamentals of academic writing. Through the writing process, students refine topics: develop and support ideas; investigate, evaluate, and incorporate appropriate resources; edit for effective style and usage; and determine appropriate approaches for a variety of contexts, audiences, and purposes. Writing activities will include exposition and argumentation with at least one researched essay. Lecture 3 hours per week.
ENG 115: Technical Writing (3 cr.) Develops ability in technical writing through extensive practice in composing technical reports and other documents. Guides students in achieving voice, tone, style, and content in formatting, editing, and graphics. Introduces students to technical discourse through selected reading. Prerequisite ENG 111 or divisional approval. Lecture 3 hours per week.
ENG 120: Survey of Mass Media (3 cr.) Examines radio, television, newspapers, magazines, books and motion pictures. Emphasizes the nature of change in, and the social implications of, communications media today. Lecture 3 hours per week.
ENG 121-122: Introduction to Journalism I-II (3 cr. ea) Introduces students to all news media, especially news gathering and preparation for print. Prerequisite ENG 111 or 112 or divisional approval. Lecture 3 hours per week.
ENG 210: Advanced Composition (3 cr.) Helps students refine skills in writing non-fiction prose. Guides development of individual voice and style. Introduces procedures for publication. Prerequisite ENG 112 or divisional approval. Lecture 3 hours per week.
ENG 211-212: Creative Writing I-II (3 cr. ea) Introduces the student to the fundamentals of writing imaginatively. Students write in forms to be selected from poetry, fiction, drama, and essays. Prerequisite ENG 112 or divisional approval. Lecture 3 hours per week.
ENG 241-242: Survey of American Literature I-II (3 cr. ea) Examine American literary works from colonial times to the present, emphasizing the ideas and characteristics of our national literature. Involves critical reading and writing. Prerequisite ENG 112 or divisional approval. Lecture 3 hours per week.
ENG 243-244: Survey of English Literature I-II (3 cr. ea) Studies major English works from the Anglo-Saxon period to the present, emphasizing ideas and characteristics of the British literary tradition. Involves critical reading and writing. Prerequisite ENG 112 or divisional approval. Lecture 3 hours per week.
ENG 251-252: Survey of World Literature I-II (3 cr. ea) Examines major works of world literature. Involves critical reading and writing. Prerequisite ENG 112 or divisional approval. Lecture 3 hours per week.
ENG 268: The Modern Drama (3 cr.) Studies the modern drama. Emphasizes the understanding and enjoyment of dramatic literature. Requires critical reading and writing. Prerequisite ENG 112 or divisional approval. Lecture 3 hours per week.
ENG 278: Appalachian Literature (3 cr.) Examines selected works of outstanding authors of the Appalachian region. Involves critical reading and writing. Prerequisite ENG 112 or divisional approval. Lecture 3 hours per week.
ENG 279: Film and Literature (3 cr.) Examines the translation of literature into film viewing and writing. Prerequisite ENG 112 or divisional approval. Lecture 3 hours per week.

 

Environmental Science – ENV

ENV 121: General Environmental Science I (4 cr.) Explores fundamental components and interactions that make up the natural systems of the earth. Introduces the basic science concepts in the discipline of biological, chemical, and earth sciences that are necessary to understand and address environmental issues. Lecture 3 hours. Recitation and Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week. Part I of II.
ENV 170: Fundamentals of Energy Technology (2 cr.) Gives the student an overview of the field of energy conservation and use and provides descriptions of job functions typical to energy technicians. Lecture 2 hours per week.
ENV 193: Studies in Your Role in the Green Environment (1 cr.) Covers new content not covered in existing courses in the discipline. Allows instructor to explore content and instructional methods to assess the course’s viability as a permanent offering. Total 1 to 5 hours per week.
ENV 220: Environmental Problems (3 cr.) Studies the relationship of man to his environment; ecological principles, population dynamics, topics of current importance including air, water, and noise pollution; poisoning and toxicity, radiation, conservation and management of natural resources. Lecture 3 hours per week.
ENV 221: Natural Resource Management (4 cr.) Examines environmental aspects of mining and petroleum exploration, management of forest resources, surface and groundwater resource management and alternative energy systems. Familiarizes students with the regulatory environment in mining and exploration and examines case histories of reclamation and remediation projects in both hard rock and fossil fuels. Includes applications such as high yield forestry and renewable energy and examines in light of global sustainability issues and changing economics of oil. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
ENV 227: Environmental Law (2-3 cr.) Introduces environmental law including the history of environmental laws, the National Environmental Policy Act, state environmental acts, hazardous wastes, endangered species, pollution, and surface mine reclamation. Lecture 2-3 hours per week.
ENV 231: Environmental Codes I (3 cr.) Introduces the regulations, their intent, interpretation of the Resources, Conservation, and Recovery Liability Act (RCRA) and the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) and similar environmental legislation. Studies their impact on industry. Lecture 3 hours per week.
ENV 290: Coordinated Internship (1-5 cr.) Supervises on-the-job training in selected business, industrial, or service firms coordinated by the college. Credits/practice ratio not to exceed 1:5 hours. May be repeated for credit. Variable hours.

 

Equine Management – EQU

EQU 110: Fundamentals of Horse Management (3 cr.) Surveys horse breeds, their functions and uses. Addresses horse conformation facilities, and basic feeds and feedings. Includes study of principles of horse nutrition. Lecture 3 hours per week.
EQU 137: Equine Facilities Management (3 cr.) Introduces the design and maintenance of horse facilities to include construction considerations in the areas of equipment selection, pasture management, and breeding. Introduces stable building and maintenance, as well as jump construction. Lecture 2 hours per week. Laboratory 2 hours per week.

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Financial Services – FIN

FIN 110: Principles of Banking (3 cr.) Presents nearly every aspect of banking, providing a comprehensive introduction to the diversified services and operations of the banking industry. Focuses on new trends gaining attention in banking circles. Recommended for all banking students. Lecture 3 hours per week.
FIN 119: Bank Control and Audit (3 cr.) Designed for the non-auditor, this course clearly explains the auditing function in banks. Discusses the role, duties, and responsibilities of the auditor. Develops understanding of why bank controls are needed and how to evaluate those controls within a bank. Highlighted are audit organization, risk exposure, and auditing in the security, compliance, and training areas. Lecture 3 hours per week.
FIN 157: Consumer Lending (2-3 cr.) Examines consumer credit and lending activities in financial institutions, various forms of consumer loans, consumer credit insurance, computation of installment payment, process in loan documents and evaluation and effect of bankruptcies on lending institutions. Lecture 2-3 hours per week.
FIN 205: Consumer Credit Analysis (3 cr.) Provides advanced knowledge about many tasks associated with making a consumer loan. Gives an in-depth understanding of legal and regulatory issues, credit decision considerations and loan interviewing. Focuses on credit applications, scoring fundamentals, loan closing and review. Lecture 3 hours per week.
FIN 215: Financial Management (3 cr.) Introduces the process of identifying and solving financial problems confronting the business enterprise. Includes topics such as the basic tools of financial analysis, working capital, capital budgeting, and long-term financing. Uses problems and cases to enhance skills in financial planning and decision making. Prerequisite ACC 211 or Division approval. Lecture 3 hours per week.

 

Fire Science Technology – FST

FST 100 - Principles of Emergency Services (3 cr.) Provides an overview to fire protection; career opportunities in fire protection and related fields; philosophy and history of fire protection/service; fire loss analysis; organization and function to public and private fire protection services; fire departments as part of local government; laws and regulations affecting the fire service; fire service nomenclature; specific fire protection functions; basic fire chemistry and physics; introduction to fire protection systems; introduction to fire strategy and tactics. Lecture 3 hours per week.
FST 110 - Fire Behavior and Combustion (3 cr.) Explores the theories and fundamentals of how and why fires start, spread, and how they are controlled. Lecture 3 hours per week.
FST 112 - Hazardous Materials Chemistry (3 cr.) Provides basic fire chemistry relating to the categories of hazardous materials including problems of recognition, reactivity, and health encountered by firefighters. Lecture 3 hours per week.
FST 115 - Fire Prevention (3 cr.) Provides fundamental information regarding the history and philosophy of fire prevention, organization and operation of a fire prevention bureau, use of fire codes, identification and correction of fire hazards, and the relationships of fire prevention with built-in fire protection systems, fire investigation, and fire and life-safety education. Lecture 3 hours per week.
FST 120 - Occupational Safety and Health for the Fire Service (3 cr.) Introduces the basic concepts of occupational health and safety as it relates to emergency service organizations. Includes risk evaluation and control procedures for fire stations, training sites, emergency vehicles, and emergency situations involving fire, EMS, hazardous materials, and technical rescue. (Upon completion of this course, students should be able to establish and manage a safety program in an emergency service organization. Lecture 3 hours per week.
FST 205 - Fire Protection Hydraulics and Water Supply (3 cr.) Provides a foundation of theoretical knowledge in order to understand the principles of the use of water in fire protection and to apply hydraulic principles to analyze and to solve water supply problems. Lecture 3 hours per week.
FST 220 - Building Construction for Fire Protection (3 cr.) Provides the components of building construction that relate to fire and life safety. Focuses on firefighter safety. Covers the elements of construction and design of structures and how they are key factors when inspecting buildings, preplanning fire operations, and operating at emergencies. Lecture 3 hours per week.
FST 235 - Strategy and Tactics (3 cr.) Provides an in-depth analysis of the principles of fire control through utilization of personnel, equipment, and extinguishing agents on the fire ground. Lecture 3 hours per week.

 

Forestry – FOR

FOR 125: Forest and Fire Control (1 cr.) Examines forest fire behavior. Includes factors causing ignition and spread, methods of fire prevention and pre suppression, and forest fire control organizations. Lecture 1 hour per week.
FOR 135: Wildlife and Fisheries Management (4 cr.) Introduces the principles of wildlife and fisheries management. Emphasizes practices in the eastern United States. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
FOR 211: Wildlife Investigational Techniques I (3 cr.) Teaches techniques used in wildlife management research including the capturing, sexing, aging and marking of wild animals. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
FOR 245: Forest Products (2 cr.) Introduces forest products. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
FOR 298: Seminar and Project (3 cr.) Requires completion of a project or research report related to the student's occupational objectives and a study of approaches to the selection and pursuit of career opportunities in the field.

 

French – FRE

FRE 101-102: Beginning French I-II (4-5 cr. ea) Introduces understanding, speaking, reading, and writing skills and emphasizes basic French sentence structure. Lecture 4-5 hours per week. May include one additional hour of oral practice per week.
FRE 201-202: Intermediate I-II (3-4 cr. ea) Continues to develop understanding, speaking, reading, and writing skills. French is used in the classroom. Prerequisite French 102 or equivalent. Lecture 3-4 hours per week. May include one additional hour of oral practice per week.

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Geographic Information Systems – GIS

GIS 200-201: Geographical Information Systems I-II (4 cr. ea) Provides hands-on introduction to a dynamic desktop GIS (Geographic Information System). Introduces the components of a desktop GIS and their functionality. Emphasizes manipulation of data for the purpose of analysis, presentation, and decision-making. Prerequisites: IST 117 or instructor approval. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
GIS 205: GIS 3-Dimensional Analysis(4 cr.) Introduces GIS 3D (three-dimensional) concepts and practices with a concentration on displaying, creating and analyzing spatial GIS data using 3D. Covers 3D shape files, 3D data formats such s Tins, DEMs, grids and controlling the perspective and scale of 3D data through rotating, panning and zooming. Prerequisite: GIS 201. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
GIS 210: Understanding Geographic Data (4 cr.) Provides the student an introduction to geographic data and the principles behind their construction. Introduces the concepts for measuring locations and characteristics of entities in the real world. Exposes the student to the limitations and common characteristics of geographic data. Prerequisite: GIS 201. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.

 

Geography – GEO

GEO 200: Introduction to Physical Geography (3 cr.) Studies major elements of the natural environment including early sun relationship, landforms, weather and climate, natural vegetation and soils. Introduces the student to types and uses of maps. Lecture 3 hours per week.
GEO 220: World Regional Geography (3 cr.) Studies physical and cultural characteristics of selected geographical regions of the world. Focuses upon significant problems within each of the regions, and examines the geographical background of those problems. Introduces the student to types and uses of maps. Lecture 3 hours per week.

 

Geology – GOL

GOL 105: Physical Geology (4 cr.) Introduces the composition and structure of the earth and modifying agents and processes. Investigates the formation of minerals and rocks, weathering, erosion, earthquakes, and crustal deformation. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
GOL 106: Historical Geology (4 cr.) Traces the evolution of the earth and life through time. Presents scientific theories of the origin of the earth and life and interprets rock and fossil record. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.

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