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Biodiversity Catalog of Southwest Virginia


(Salamanders, Toads, and Frogs)






Salamander Taxonomy:  Kingdom Animalia; Phylum Chordata; Class Amphibia; Order Caudata

ThumbnailFamilyScientific NameCommon NameCounty
AmbystomatidaeAmbystoma jeffersonianum Jefferson Salamander T
AmbystomatidaeAmbystoma maculatum Spotted Salamander B,D,R,T
PlethodontidaeAneides aeneus Green Salamander B,D,R,T
CryptobranchidaeCryptobranchus alleganiensis alleganiensis Eastern Hellbender R,T
PlethodontidaeDesmognathus fuscus Northern Dusky Salamander B,D,R,T
PlethodontidaeDesmognathus monticola Seal Salamander B,D,R,T
PlethodontidaeDesmognathus ochrophaeus Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamander B,D,R,T
PlethodontidaeDesmognathus orestes Blue Ridge Dusky Salamander B,R,T
PlethodontidaeDesmognathus quadramaculatus Black-bellied Salamander T
PlethodontidaeDesmognathus welteri Black Mountain Salamander B,R
PlethodontidaeEurycea bislineata Northern Two-lined Salamander B,R,T
PlethodontidaeEurycea cirrigera Southern Two-lined Salamander B,D,R,T
PlethodontidaeEurycea longicauda longicauda Longtail Salamander B,D,R,T
PlethodontidaeEurycea lucifuga Cave Salamander B,D,R,T
PlethodontidaeGyrinophilus porphyriticus duryi Kentucky Spring Salamander B,D
PlethodontidaeGyrinophilus porphyriticus porphyriticus Northern Spring Salamander R,T
PlethodontidaeHemidactylium scutatum Four-toed Salamander B,D,R,T
ProteidaeNecturus maculosus maculosus Common Mudpuppy R,T
SalamandridaeNotophthalmus viridescens viridescens Red-spotted Newt B,D,R,T
PlethodontidaePlethodon cinereus Eastern Red-backed Salamander R,T
PlethodontidaePlethodon cylindraceus White-spotted Slimy Salamander B,R
PlethodontidaePlethodon glutinosus Northern Slimy Salamander B,D,R,T
PlethodontidaePlethodon hoffmani Valley and Ridge Salamander R
PlethodontidaePlethodon kentucki Cumberland Plateau Salamander B,D,R,T
PlethodontidaePlethodon montanus Northern Gray-cheeked Salamander R,T
PlethodontidaePlethodon richmondi Southern Ravine Salamander B,D,R,T
PlethodontidaePlethodon ventralis Southern Zigzag Salamander R
PlethodontidaePseudotriton montanus diastictus Midland Mud Salamander B,D,R,T
PlethodontidaePseudotriton ruber ruber Northern Red Salamander B,D,R,T


Virginia Herpetological Society, (2014). Retrieved from

Toads and Frogs

Toad and Frog Taxonomy:  Kingdom Animalia; Phylum Chordata; Class Amphibia; Order Anura

ThumbnailFamilyScientific NameCommon nameCounty
BufonidaeAnaxyrus americanusEastern American ToadB,D,R
BufonidaeAnaxyrus fowleriFowler’s ToadR
HylidaeHyla chrysoscelisCope’s Gray TreefrogB,D
RanidaeLithobates catesbeianusAmerican BullfrogB,D,R,T
RanidaeLithobates clamitansGreen FrogB,D,R,T
RanidaeLithobates palustrisPickerel FrogB,D,R,T
RanidaeLithobates sylvaticusWood FrogB,D,R
HylidaePseudacris brachyphonaMountain Chorus FrogB,D
HylidaePseudacris cruciferSpring PeeperB,D,R,T


Virginia Herpetological Society, (2014). Retrieved from

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