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Birds

Biodiversity Catalog of Southwest Virginia

Birds

Complete Avian Photo Gallery

Avian (bird) Taxonomy:  Kingdom Animalia; Phylum Chordata; Subphylum Vertebrata; Class Aves

B=Buchanan

D=Dickenson

R=Russell

T=Tazewell

Order Accipitriformes  Raptor and Vulture Photo Gallery

FamilyScientific NameCommon NameCounty
AccipitridaeAccipiter cooperiiCooper's HawkR, T
AccipitridaeAccipiter striatusSharp-shinned HawkR, T
AccipitridaeAquila chrysaetosGolden EagleR, T
AccipitridaeButeo jamaicensisRed-tailed HawkB, D, R, T
AccipitridaeButeo lineatusRed-shouldered HawkB, D, R, T
AccipitridaeButeo platypterusBroad-winged HawkB, R, T
AccipitridaeHaliaeetus leucocephalusBald EagleB, R, T
CathartidaeCathartes auraTurkey VultureD, R, T
CathartidaeCoragyps atratusBlack VultureD, R, T
PandionidaePandion haliaetusOspreyB, R, T

Order Anseriformes  Ducks and Geese Photo Gallery

FamilyScientific NameCommon NameCounty
AnatidaeAix sponsa Wood DuckT
AnatidaeAnas clypeataNorthern ShovelerT
AnatidaeAnas creccaGreen-winged TealT
AnatidaeAnas discorsBlue Winged TealR, T
AnatidaeAnas platyrhynchos MallardB, D, R, T
AnatidaeAnas rubripesAmerican Black DuckR, T
AnatidaeAnas streperaGadwallT
AnatidaeAnser rossiiRoss's GooseT
AnatidaeAythya affinisLesser ScaupT
AnatidaeAythya americanaRedheadT
AnatidaeAythya collarisRing-necked DuckT
AnatidaeAythya marilaGreater ScaupT
AnatidaeAythya valisineriaCanvasbackT
AnatidaeBranda canadensisCanada GooseR, T
AnatidaeBucephala albeolaBuffleheadT
AnatidaeCygnus buccinatorTrumpeter SwanR
AnatidaeCygnus columbianusTundra SwanB, T
AnatidaeLophodytes cucullatusHooded MerganserT
AnatidaeMareca americanaAmerican WigeonT
AnatidaeMergus merganserCommon MerganserB, R, T
AnatidaeMergus SerratorRed Breasted MerganserT
AnatidaeOxyura jamaicensisRuddy DuckT
AnatidaeSpatula clypeataNorthern ShovelerT

Order Apodiformes

FamilyScientific NameCommon NameCounty
TrochilidaeArchilochus colubrisRuby-throated HummingbirdB,D,R,T

Order Caprimulgiformes

FAMILYSCIENTIFIC NAMECOMMON NAMECOUNTY
CaprimulgidaeChordeiles minorCommon NighthawkT

Order Charadriiformes

Family Scientific NameCommon NameCounty
CharadriidaeCharadrius vociferusKilldeerR, T
LaridaeChroicocephalus philadelphiaBonaparte's GullT
LaridaeLarus delawarensisRing-billed GullT
ScolopacidaeActitis maculariusSpotted SandpiperT
ScolopacidaeBartramia longicaudaUpland SandpiperB
ScolopacidaeCalidris minutillaLeast SandpiperT
ScolopacidaeGallinago delicataWilson's SnipeT
ScolopacidaeScolopax minorAmerican WoodcockB, D, T
ScolopacidaeTringa flavipesLesser YellowlegsR, T
ScolopacidaeTringa melanoleucaGreater YellowlegsT
ScolopacidaeTringa solitariaSolitary SandpiperB, T

Order Columbiformes

FamilyScientific Name Common NameCounty
ColumbidaeColumba liviaRock Pigeon, Feral PigeonD, R, T
ColumbidaeZenaida macrouraMourning DoveB, D, R, T

Order Coraciiformes

FamilyScientific NameCommon NameCounty
AlcedinidaeMegaceryl alcyonBelted KingfisherB, D, R, T

Order Cuculiformes

FAMILYSCIENTIFIC NAMECOMMON NAMECOUNTY
CuculidaeCoccyzus americanusYellow-billed CuckooT

Order Falconiformes

Family Scientific NameCommon NameCounty
FalconidaeFalco sparveriusAmerican KestrelD, R, T
FalconidaeFalco peregrinusPeregrine FalconB, T

Order Galliformes

FamilyScientific NameCommon NameCounty
PhasianidaeMeleagris gallopavoWild TurkeyB,D,R,T

Order Gaviiformes

FamilyScientific NameCommon NameCounty
GaviidaeGavia immerCommon LoonR, T

Order Gruiformes

FamilyScientific NameCommon NameCounty
RallidaeFulica americanaAmerican CootT
RallidaeRallus limicolaVirginia RailB, T

Order Passeriformes Perching Bird Photo Gallery

FamilyScientific NameCommon NameCounty
AlaudidaeEremophila alpestrisHorned LarkB, T
BombycillidaeBombycilla cedrorumCedar WaxwingB, R, T
CardinalidaeCardinalis cardinalis Northern CardinalB, D, R, T
CardinalidaePasserina caeruleaBlue GrosbeakB
CardinalidaePasserina cyaneaIndigo BuntingR, T
CardinalidaePheucticus ludovicianusRose-breasted GrosbeakB, T
CardinalidaePiranga olivaceaScarlet TanagerB, T
CardinalidaeSpiza americanaDickcisselB, T
CorvidaeCorvus brachyrhynchosAmerican CrowB, D, R, T
CorvidaeCorvus coraxCommon RavenD, R, T
CorvidaeCyanocitta cristataBlue JayB, D, R, T
EmberizidaeJunco hyemalisDark-eyed JuncoB, D, R, T
EmberizidaeMelospiza melodiaSong Sparrow B, D, R, T
EmberizidaePasserculus sandwichensisSavannah SparrowT
EmberizidaePasserella iliacaFox SparrowR
EmberizidaeSpizella passerinaChipping SparrowB, D, R, T
EmberizidaeSpizella pusillaField SparrowD, R, T
EmberizidaeZonotrichia leucophrysWhite-crowned SparrowD, R, T
EmberizidaeZonotrichia albicollisWhite-throated SparrowB, D, R, T
FringillidaeHaemorhous mexicanusHouse FinchB, D, R, T
FringillidaeHaemorhous purpureusPurple FinchR, T
FringillidaeSpinus pinusPine SiskinT
FringillidaeSpinus tristisAmerican GoldfinchB, D, R, T
HirundinidaeHirundo rusticaBarn SwallowR, T
HirundinidaeStelgidopteryx serripennisNorthern Rough-winged SwallowR, T
HirundinidaeTachycineta bicolorTree SwallowB, T
IcteridaeMolothrus aterBrown-headed CowbirdT
IcteridaeAgelaius phoeniceusRed-winged BlackbirdB, R, T
IcteridaeIcterus galbula Baltimore OrioleB, T
IcteridaeIcterus spuriusOrchard OrioleT
IcteridaeQuiscalus quisculaCommon GrackleT
IcteridaeSturnella magnaEastern MeadowlarkB, D, R, T
LaniidaeLanius ludovicianusLoggerhead ShrikeR
MimidaeDumetella carolinensisGray CatbirdB, R, T
MimidaeMimus polyglottosNorthern MockingbirdD, R, T
MimidaeToxostoma rufumBrown ThrasherB, R, T
ParidaeBaeolophus bicolorTufted TitmouseB, D, R, T
ParidaePoecile carolinensisCarolina ChickadeeB, D, R, T
ParulidaeMniotilta variaBlack-and-white WarblerT
ParulidaeOreothlypis peregrinaTennessee WarblerD, T
ParulidaeSeiurus aurocapillaOvenbirdB, T
ParulidaeSetophaga americanaNorthern ParulaD, T
ParulidaeSetophaga coronataYellow-rumped WarblerD, R, T
ParulidaeSetophaga citrinaHooded WarblerB, R, T
ParulidaeSetophaga dominicaYellow-throated WarblerD, T
ParulidaeSetophaga palmarumPalm WarblerD, T
ParulidaeSetophaga ruticillaAmerican RedstartD, R, T
ParulidaeSetophaga tigrinaCape May WarblerT
ParulidaeSetophaga virensBlack-throated Green WarblerD
ParulidaeVermivora cyanopteraBlue-winged WarblerT
PasserellidaePipilo erythrophthalmusEastern TowheeB, D, R, T
PasseridaePasser domesticusHouse SparrowB, D, R, T
PolioptilidawPolioptila caeruleaBlue-gray gnatcatcherT
RegulidaeRegulus calendulaRuby-crowned KingletT
RegulidaeRegulus satrapaGolden-crowned KingletB, D, R, T
SittidaeSitta canadensisRed-breasted NuthatchB, D, T
SittidaeSitta carolinensisWhite-breasted NuthatchB, D, R, T
SturnidaeSturnus vulgarisEuropean Starling B, D, R, T
TroglodytidaeThryothorus ludovicianusCarolina-wrenB, D, R, T
TroglodytidaeTroglodytes aedonHouse WrenB, D, R, T
TurdidaeCatharus ustulatusSwainson's ThrushB
TurdidaeHylocichla mustelina Wood ThrushR, T
TurdidaeSialia sialis Eastern Bluebird B, D, R, T
TurdidaeTurdus migratorius American RobinB, D, R, T
TyrannidaeContopus virensEastern Wood-Pewee T
TyrannidaeSayornis phoebeEastern PhoebeB, D, R, T
TyrannidaeSayornis sayaSay's PhoebeR
TyrannidaeTyrannus tyrannusEastern KingbirdR, T
VireonidaeVireo flavifronsYellow-throated VireoT
VireonidaeVireo gilvusWarbling VireoT
VireonidaeVireo griseusWhite-eyed VireoT
VireonidaeVireo solitariusBlue-headed VireoD
VireonidaeVireo olivaceus Red-eyed VireoT

 Order  Pelecaniformes

FamilyScientific NameCommon
Name
County
ArdeidaeArdea albaGreat EgretB, T
ArdeidaeArdea herodiasGreat
Blue
Heron
B, D, R, T
ArdeidaeBotaurus lentiginosusAmerican BitternB, T
ArdeidaeButorides virescens Green
Heron
B, D, R, T
ArdeidaeNycticorax nycticorax Black-crowned Night-HeronT

Order Piciformes     Woodpecker Photo Gallery

FamilyScientific NameCommon NameCounty
PicidaeColaptes auratusNorthern FlickerB, D, R, T
PicidaeDryocopus pileatusPileated WoodpeckerB, D, R, T
PicidaeMelanerpes carolinusRed-bellied WoodpeckerB, D, R, T
PicidaePicoides pubescensDowny WoodpeckerB, D, R, T
PicidaePicoides pubescensHairy WoodpeckerB, D, R, T
PicidaeSphyrapicus variusYellow-bellied SapsuckerB, R, T

Order Podicipediformes

FamilyScientific NameCommon NameCounty
PodicipedidaePodiceps auritusHorned GrebeT
PodicipedidaePodiceps grisegenaRed-necked GrebeR, T
PodicipedidaePodilymbus podicepsPied-billed GrebeD, T

Order Strigiformes

FamilyScientific NameCommon NameCounty
StrigidaeMegascops asioEastern
Screech-Owl
B,D,R,T
StrigidaeAegolius acadicusNorthern Saw-whet OwlR,T
Strigidae Asio OtusLong-eared OwlR
Strigidae Bubo virginianusGreat Horned OwlB,D,R,T
Strigidae Strix VariaBarred OwlB,D,R,T
TytonidaeTyto AlbaBarn OwlT

Order Suliformes

FamilyScientific NameCommon NameCounty
PhalacrocoridaePhalacrocorax auritusDouble-Crested CormorantT

Sources:

Virginia Fish and Wildlife Information Service. (2013). Retrieved from http://www.dgif.virginia.gov/.

Local photo documented observations
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